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Walrus Ivory Sperm Whale by Yupik Eskimo Carver Moses Soonagrook AK


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by Moses Soonagrook of St. Lawrence Island, North Bering Sea

Authentic Alaska Native Eskimo handicraft. It was carved and significantly transformed from marine mammal walrus ivory into Authentic Alaska Native Eskimo handicraft and signed by Alaska Native Eskimo artist Moses Soonagrook.
This beautiful Sperm Whale was carved from an ivory tusk of a walrus by Moses Soonagrook of Gambell, Alaska, a small Siberian Yup'ik Eskimo village of about 700 people on St. Lawrence Island; just south of the Bering Straits. Their language is spoken on both the U.S. and Russian side of the straits. It's about 140 miles off shore from Nome Alaska: and about 40 miles from Russia. On a clear day (which is rare) you can see the mountains of Russia.

Moses has carved for many years and is a master carver. He carves from ivory tusks of walrus, walrus bone and whalebone, and trims them with baleen from Bowhead whales. He is the eldest son of the Soonagrook family of carvers. His father William Sr., brothers Billy Boy and Ladd are well known carvers in Alaska. Their work is featured the Anchorage Museum of History and Art, Airport collection and in many public, private collections and featured in a book titled "Eskimo Carvers of the Bering Sea" by Dale Kessler. His son Robert is learning to carve. Most walrus ivory, walrus bone and whalebone are found washed up on beaches after storms. Carving is a rich tradition for the Native Alaskan people on St. Lawrence Island, it helps sustain their proud culture and way of life in a very remote and harsh area.

Sperm Whale or "Manulek" - which is Sperm Whale in the Siberian Yup'ik language. This beautiful Sperm whale was carved from an old ivory tusk of a walrus found in the old village of Gambell. The center of the tusk has a light golden colored rich mottled texture  which can be seen on the snout and underside. The outer portions are a smooth cream which makes up the body followed by pure white on the back and forward flukes giving it a nice effect. It's mounted on an ivory base with a baleen pin. This Sperm Whale is very beautiful. The eyes are inlaid baleen; a fibrous black material in the mouth of Bowhead Whales, they strain food through it. There are faint black lines or temperature cracks on the base of the piece. Temperature cracks are caused when the walrus was hauled out in life and sunning on a beach, warming their bodies and tusks, then plunging back into the cold arctic sea. Their tusks develop surface cracks and are stained black by minerals in the sea water, adding to the richness of the carving.

In the old Siberian Yup'ik culture the Sperm Whale was avoided by the hunters as it was an aggressive whale and would turn on the hunters and flip their boats. The taboo of the Sperm Whale continues today. Sperm Whales are found in increasing numbers in the rich Arctic feeding grounds.
Care of ivory includes avoiding hot dry locations, such as direct sun in a window or a heat register. Give it an occasional very light coating of baby oil or mineral oil, put it on a cloth first, avoid acid based oil such as lemon oil. Remember, our pet dogs, cats and birds also like ivory!
Moses's signature is on the bottom. The whale measures 2 7/8 inches long, 2 inches high at the peg and 3/4 to 1 1/8 inches wide. It's a very beautiful piece and would make a real unique gift. Something out of the ordinary.

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